Nutritional aspects of bone health: Not only a matter of vitamin D

  • Maria Giulia Tinti | mariagiulia.tinti@gmail.com Department of Internal Medicine and Rheumatology Unit, Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza Hospital, San Giovanni Rotondo (FG); Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy.
  • Angelo De Cata Department of Internal Medicine and Rheumatology Unit, Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza Hospital, San Giovanni Rotondo (FG), Italy.
  • Vincenzo Carnevale Department of Internal Medicine and Rheumatology Unit, Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza Hospital, San Giovanni Rotondo (FG), Italy.

Abstract

In every stage of life an adequate intake of several micro- and macro-nutrients can favorably affect bone health. In pre-adult life an adequate consumption of such nutrients is essential to build peak bone mass. Later in life, a correct nutrition has a role in maintaining skeletal mass and blunt menopause- and age-related bone loss. The main involved nutrients are calcium, phosphate, vitamin D and proteins. Recent data also stress the relevance of flavonoids and other micro-nutrients. The skeletal availability of single nutritional factors also relies on their reciprocal proportion in diet composition. An adequate nutrition plays a relevant role in the maintenance of bone health throughout life, but it should not be regarded as a treatment for osteoporosis.

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Published
2019-05-06
Section
Reviews
Keywords:
Nutrition, bone, calcium, phosphate, vitamin D, proteins.
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How to Cite
Tinti, M. G., De Cata, A., & Carnevale, V. (2019). Nutritional aspects of bone health: Not only a matter of vitamin D. Beyond Rheumatology, 1(1), 9-14. https://doi.org/10.4081/br.2019.2